In 2000 AOL tried to combine AOL's IM service with TV through a special set top box. Slow dial-up connections made this product unviable at the time, but the idea of combining chat / social features into mainstream TV viewing has gradually gained momentum as connection speeds have increased. I have previously written about Social TV, but the online coverage of the Inauguration has taken things to a new level and could be a defining moment in broadcasting history.
The Ofcom Communications Market Report 2008 detailed that 36% of UK TV viewers have used the internet whilst they are watching TV. This has led to the rise of live blogs around event TV - both around Sports coverage and around shows like The Apprentice and The X-Factor. In the US, CBS have also launched social viewing rooms where viewers can have live discussions with friends / other fans during TV shows and have incorporated Twitter into their News programming.
However, the CNN Inauguration coverage took this idea one step further by linking up with Facebook and allowing Facebook users to discuss coverage with both their Facebook friends and the world at large.
The CNN coverage has produced some mind blowing statistics:
- CNN served 13.9 million live video streams globally with 600,000 Facebook status updates posted through the CNN feed (source: Mashable)
Other sites like Joost and Hulu also streamed live coverage online and Twitter saw a massive uplift (5 times more tweets than usual per second) in usage as internet users again discussed events with their followers and friends.
Twitter statistics around Inauguration (source Twitter blog)
(It was also interesting to see people adapting their profile pictures to feel part of the event. The 'Obama Yourself' / Obamicon application seemed to be getting heavy use yesterday as more and more profile photos became Shepard Fairey-esque.)
However, whilst the online coverage and the interactivity were great, there were still some technical issues.
- Bandwidth. There have long been concerns that the current internet infrastructure cannot support the huge growth in video streaming and with so many people tuning in online, the whole internet seemed to creak yesterday - even loading up simple websites was hard for a period. The coverage generally stayed on, but watching Obama's speech with pauses and jumps in coverage was not great - we all went to find a normal TV at this point.
- Pre-roll video. CNN's coverage was sponsored by Vestas and they had a pre-roll video of windmills with a message about wind power. However, from time to time (especially during the speech) the CNN coverage would freeze and on refreshing the window you would have to watch the pre-roll Windmills again. I found myself on the verge of shouting 'shut up about the windmills and let me watch the speech'. I'm not the only one who found this frustrating (cue Le'Nise) and if ever there was a sign that we need something other than pre-packaged TV ads for online coverage, then this was it!
However, I really believe this is the way TV and broadcast will develop - as Graeme Wood says 'Welcome to the Future!' The internet has cut distance and allows you to connect with friends wherever they are. Social TV events like the Inauguration allow users to share their thoughts with their closest friends (or the whole world.)
The social integration worked really well for the Inauguration. How long before this format is applied to events like the FA Cup final or Eurovision? Indeed, Rick Liebling at EyeCube suggests that it won't be too long before this format is applied to Superbowl or the Oscars and as Digital Examples says - we want more!
In time I think we will find this social model being applied to standard TV set and not just online video streaming (though they might be one and the same before too long). At CES TV manufacturers were talking about widgets for TV sets, with a Yahoo / Intel initiative, in partnership with MySpace, unveiling plans for bringing social media to the living room.
Yesterday 'Change' happened and it wasn't just in the White House or on the White House website. The Inauguration marked the start of a new era for social media as mainstream coverage became socialised for a mass audience. This is just the start, there has long been acceptance that all media is becoming digital, however yesterday's coverage shows that in the future all media will be social too.
Facebook and CNN combine for social coverage of the Inauguration
CBS launch social viewing rooms
Live blogging - social TV around the Apprentice
Ofcom Communications Market Report 2008 shows trend for dual media consumption